General Bibliography
Corpus Text Citations
Journals of Interest

Antes, J. R., Hudson, D. T., Jorgensen, E. O., & Moen, J. K. (1999). Is a stage model of mediation necessary?  Mediation Quarterly, 16(3) pp. 287-300.

Bales, R. F. (1951).  Interaction Process Analysis.  Cambridge: Addison-Wesley Press.

Barker, Philip (1996).  Psychotherapeutic Metaphors: A Guide to Theory and Practice. New York: Brunner/Mazel Publishers.

Barker, Philip (1985).  Using Metaphors in Psychotherapy.  New York: Brunner/Mazel Publishers.

Beer, Francis A. & De Landtsheer, Christ'l (2004). Metaphors, politics and world politics, in Beer, Francis A. & De Landtsheer, Christ'l (eds.) Metaphorical World Politics.  East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, pp. 5-52.

Borbely, Antal, F. (2004). Toward a Psychodynamic Understanding of Metaphor and Metonymy: Their Role in Awareness and Defense.  Metaphor and Symbol 19 (2) 91-114.

Brown, Theodore L. (2003).  Making truth: metaphor in science.  Urbana/Chicago: University of Illinois Press.

Cameron, Lynne (2007).  Patterns of metaphor use in reconciliation talk.  Discourse and Society 18 (2) 197-222.

Cameron, Lynne (2003).  Metaphor in Educational Discourse.  London: Continuum.

Cameron, Lynne & Deignan, Alice (2003). Combining large and small corpora to investigate tuning devices around metaphor in spoken discourse.  Metaphor and Symbol 18 (3) 149-160.

Cameron, L. & Deignan, A. (2006).  The emergence of metaphor in discourse.  Applied Linguistics 27(4) 671-690.

Cameron, Lynne & Low, Graham (1999) (Eds). Researching and Applying Metaphor.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cameron, Lynne J. and Stelma, Juurd H. (2005), Metaphor clusters in discourse, Journal of Applied Linguistics, 1(2) 107–136

Carleton, P. (1995). Frame Work.  San Francisco: privately published.  See for more.

Casonato, Marco (2001). Transference: Love, Journeys, and Psychoanalysis, in PSYART: An Online Journal for Psychological Study of the Arts, article number 0112M2 (  Accessed April 2006.

Charteris-Black, Jonathan (2004). Corpus Approaches to Critical Metaphor Analysis.  New York: Palgrave MacMillan.

Charteris-Black, Jonathan (2005).  Politicians and Rhetoric: The persuasive power of metaphor.  New York: Palgrave MacMillan.

Churchill, R. P. (1990). Logic, an Introduction. New York: St Martin’s Press.

Cohen, Jonathan R. (2003). Adversaries? Partners?  How About Counterparts?: On metaphors in the practice and teaching of negotiation and dispute resolution.  Conflict Resolution Quarterly (formerly Mediation Quarterly), 20 (4) 433-440.

Coleman, Peter T., (2004). Paradigmatic Framing of Protracted, Intractable Conflict: Towards the Development of a Meta-framework - II.  Peace And Conflict: Journal Of Peace Psychology,10(3) 197-235.

Coleman, Peter T., Bui-Wrzosinska, Lan., Vallacher, Robin. R., & Nowak, Andrzej. (2006). Protracted conflicts as dynamical systems. In A. K. Schneider & C. Honeyman (Eds.), The negotiator’s fieldbook: The desk reference for the experienced negotiator (pp. 61-74). Chicago: American Bar Association Books.

Combs, Gene N. & Freedman, Jill  H.(1990)  Symbol, Story and Ceremony: Using Metaphor in Individual and Family Therapy.  New York, London: W.W. Norton and Company.

Deignan, Alice (1995).  Cobuild English Guides 7: Metaphor.  London: HarperCollins Publishers.

Dewolf, A., Gray, B., Putnum, L. L.,  Aarts, N.,  Lewicki, R. J., Bouwen, R., Woerkum, C. M. J. (2005) Disentangling Approaches to Framing: Mapping the Terrain.  Paper given at International Association for Conflict Management (IACM) 18th Annual Meeting.  Retrieved June 2007 at

Dingwall, Robert & Miller, Gale (2002). Lessons from brief therapy? Some interactional suggestions for family mediators.  Conflict Resolution Quarterly (formerly Mediation Quarterly), 19 (3) 269-288.

Eubanks, Philip (2000). The war of words in the discourse of trade: the rhetorical constitution of metaphor.  Carbondale and Edwardsville: southern Illinois University Press.

Fauconnier, Gilles  & Sweetser, Eve (1996) (Eds.). Spaces, Worlds and Grammar.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Fauconnier, Gilles & Turner, Mark (2002).  The Way We think: Conceptual Blending and the Mind's Hidden Complexities.  New York: Basic Books.

Feldman, J. &  Lakoff, G. (2003 forthcoming).  From Molecules to Metaphors: How the Brain Computes the Mind.

Fernandez-Duque, D., & Johnson, M. (1999). Attention metaphors: how metaphors guide the cognitive psychology of attention.  Cognitive Science, 23 (1), 83-116.

Ferrara, Kathleen W. (1994). Therapeutic Ways With Words.  New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Fisher, R., Ury, W. & Patton, B. (1991). Getting to Yes: Negotiating Agreement Without Giving In.  New York: Penguin Books.

Forceville, C. (2008). Metaphor in pictures and multimodal representations.  In Gibbs, R. W.  (Ed.).  The Cambridge handbook of metaphor and thought (262-282).  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gannon, M. J. (2001). Cultural Metaphors. New York: Sage Publications.

Gendlin, Eugene T. (1996). Focusing-Oriented Psychotherapy. New York: Guilford Press.

Gelfand, Michele J. & McCusker, Christopher (2001). Metaphor and the cultural construction of negotiation: A paradigm for theory and practice.  In M. Gannon & K. L. Newman (Eds.) Handbook of Cross-Cultural Management.  New York: Blackwell Publishers, 292-314.

Gibbs, Raymond W. (2000). Irony in Talk Among Friends.  Metaphor and Symbol.  15(1&2), 5-27.

Gibbs, Raymond W. (2006).  Embodiment and Cognitive Science.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Giles, T. D. (2008).  Motives for metaphor in scientific and technical communication.  Amityville, New York: Baywood Publishing Co.

Goatly, Andrew (2002). Conflicting metaphors in the Hong Kong special administrative region educational reform proposals.  Metaphor and Symbol, 17(4), 263-294.

Gordon, David (1978). Therapeutic Metaphors. Cupertino, CA: Meta Publications.

Goschler, J (2007). Metaphors in cognitive and neurosciences. Which impact have metaphors on scientific theories and models? 12, 1-20. Retrieved 3-May-11.

Glucksberg, S., Gildea, P., & Bookin, H. A. (1982).  On understanding nonliteral speech:  Can people ignore metaphors?  Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior.  21 pp. 85-89.

Grady, Joseph E., Oakley, Todd, & Coulson, Seana (1999).  Blending and metaphor.  In Gerard Steen & Raymond Gibbs (Eds.) Metaphor in Cognitive Linguistics.  Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

Gray, Barbara (2006).  Mediation as framing and framing within mediation.  In Herrman, M. S. (Ed) The Blackwell Handbook of Mediation: Bridging Theory, Research and Practice. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing. 195-216.

Halliday, M. A. K. (1985).  An Introduction to Functional Grammar.  London: Edward Arnold.

Haynes, John (1999). Metaphor and Mediation (Parts One, Two and Three, plus Bibliography).

Johnson, Mark (1987) The Body In the Mind: The Bodily Basis of Meaning, Imagination, and Reason.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Jones, Wendell & Hughes, Scott H. (2003)  Complexity, conflict resolution, and how the mind works. Conflict Resolution Quarterly (formerly Mediation Quarterly), 20 (4) 485-494.

Kittay, Eva. F.  (1987) Metaphor: Its Cognitive Force and Linguistic Structure. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Koller, Veronika (2002). "A shotgun wedding": Co-occurrence of war and marriage metaphors in mergers and acquisitions discourse.  Metaphor and Symbol, 17(3), 179-203.

Kopp, Richard R. (1995)  Metaphor Therapy: Using Client-Generated Metaphors in Psychotherapy.  New York: Brunner/Mazel Publishers.

Kövecses, Zoltán (2002) Metaphor: A Practical Introduction.  New York: Oxford University Press.

Kupferberg, I. & Green, D. (2005).  Troubled Talk: Metaphorical Negotiation in Problem Discourse.  New York/Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Lakoff, George (1993) Contemporary theory of metaphor.  In Ortony, A. (ed)  Metaphor and Thought (2nd Ed.). New York, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, p 202-251.

Lakoff, George (1994) Conceptual Metaphor Home Page.  Published electronically at

Lakoff, George (1996). Moral Politics.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Lakoff, George & Johnson, Mark (1980). Metaphors We Live By.  Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press.

Lakoff, George & Johnson, Mark (1999). Philosophy in the Flesh: the Embodied Mind and its Challenge to Western Thought.  New York: Basic Books.

Lakoff, George & Turner, Mark (1989). More Than Cool Reason: A Field Guide to Poetic Metaphor.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Lankton, Carol H., & Lankton, Stephen R. (1989)  Tales of Enchantment: Goal-Oriented Metaphors for Adults and Children in Therapy.  New York: Brunner/Mazel Publishers.

Loewenstein, J, Thompson, L, and Gentner, D. (1999) “Analogical Encoding Facilitates Knowledge Transfer in Negotiation.”   Psychonomic Bulletin and Review,  6(4), 586-597.

Mayer, Bernard (2000). The Dynamics of Conflict Resolution: A Practitioners Guide. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

McWhirter, John (1999). Re-modelling NLP, Part One: Models and modelling, Rapport, Nr 44.

Moore, C. W. (1996). The Mediation Process: Practical Strategies for Resolving Conflict (2nd  Ed.).  San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Müller,  Ralph. (2005). Creative metaphors in political discourse.  09/2005.  Retrieved electronically 24 April 2006 from

Musolff, Andreas (2004).  Metaphor and Political Discourse: Analogical Reasoning in Debates about Europe.  New York: Palgrave MacMillan.

Ortony, Andrew (1975/2001)  Why metaphors are necessary and not just nice.  Educational Theory 25(1), 45-53; reprinted in Gannon, M. J. (2001) Cultural Metaphors: Readings, Research Translation, and Commentary.  Thousand Oaks, London, New Delhi: Sage Publications, Inc. pp 9-21.

Ortony, Andrew. (1993) (Ed)  Metaphor and Thought (Second Edition). Cambridge University Press.

Pearce, S. S. (1996) Flash of Insight: Metaphor and Narrative in Therapy.  Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Plementitaš, Katja (1998) "The Role of Grammatical Metaphor in Certain Types of Discourse in English and Slovene" In Ciglar Żanić, J, Kalogiara, D. and Jemeršić, J. (Eds.) British Cultural Studies: Cross Cultural Challenges: Conference Proceedings.  Zagreb: British Counsil, Croatia, 26-28 Feb 1998, pp. 183-187.

Pragglejaz Group (2007) MIP: A method for identifying metaphorically used words in discourse.  Metaphor & Symbol 22(1) 1-39.

Reddy, M. J. (1979/93) The conduit metaphor: A case of frame conflict in our language about language.  In A. Ortony (1993) (Ed)  Metaphor and Thought. New York, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp 164-201.

Richardt, Susanne (2005). Metaphor in Languages for Special Purposes. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.

Riskin L. L. (1996) Understanding Mediators' Orientations, Strategies, and Techniques: A Grid for the Perplexed, Harvard Negotiation Law Review, (1) pp.7-51.

Schön, Donald A. (1993)  Generative metaphor: a perspective on problem-setting in social policy.  In A. Ortony, (1993) (Ed)  Metaphor and Thought.  New York, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 137-163.

Schön, Donald A. and Rein, Martin (1994). Frame Reflection: Toward the Resolution of Intractable Policy Controversies. New York: Basic Books.

Searle, John R. (1979)  Metaphor.  In A. Ortony, (1993) (Ed)  Metaphor and Thought.  New York, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 56-93.

Semino, Elena. (2005) The metaphorical construction of complex domains: the case of speech activity in English.  Metaphor and Symbol, 20(1), 35-70

Semino, E. (2008). Metaphor in discourse.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Shmueli, D., Elliott, M., & Kaufman, S. (2007) Frame changes and the management of intractable conflicts. Conflict Resolution Quarterly, 24(2) 207-218.

Siegleman, Ellen Y. (1990)  Metaphor and Meaning in Psychotherapy.  New York, London: The Guilford Press.

Smith, Thomas H. (2005a).  Using disputants’ metaphors in mediation.  Conflict Resolution Quarterly (formerly Mediation Quarterly), 23(1), 5-23

Smith, Thomas H. (2005b).  Metaphors for navigating negotiations.  Negotiation journal, 21(3), 343-364.

Smith, Thomas H. (2009).  When experts educate, what do their metaphors say?  complex metaphor structure in the professional conflict resolution literature.   Ibérica 17: 175-196, Journal of the European Association of Languages for Specific Purposes, número monográfico sobre metáfora y lFE, special issue on metaphor and LSP.

Smith, T. H. (in preparation).  Metaphors to explain dynamical systems, in Herrmann, J. B and T. B. Sardinha (Eds.). Metaphor in specialist discourse: Investigating metaphor use in technical, scientific and popularized discourse contexts.  Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

Sticht, T. G. (1993).  Educational uses of metaphor, in Ortony, A. (ed) (1993) Metaphor and Thought: Second Edition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 621-632.

Steinhart, Eric (2001). The Logic of Metaphor - Analogous Parts of Possible Words.  (Synthese Library, Volume 299). Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

Varela, Francisco J., Thompson, E., & Rosch, E. (1991) The Embodied Mind: Cognitive Science and Human Experience.  Cambridge: The MIT Press.

Walker, J.  (1991) Myths, Metaphors and Stories - Working Creatively With Separating and Divorcing Families.  Presented at the conference of the Academy of Family Mediators, Seattle.

Watzlawick, P,, Weakland, J. H., & Fisch, R. (1974). Change: Principals of Problem Formation and Problem Resolution.  New York: W. W. Norton & Company.

Wilmot, William and  Hocker, Joyce (2001).  Interpersonal Conflict (6th Ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Winslade, John and Monk, Gerald (2000).  Narrative Mediation: A New Approach to Conflict Resolution.  San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.






















Journals of Interest

Journals listed below are those that have already or
may in the future publish articles on metaphor, language use, or
cognitive psychology as they relate to conflict resolution, mediation,
psychotherapy, teaching-learning, etc..

Conflict Resolution and Mediation Journals That May Publish on Metaphor

Conflict Resolution Quarterly.  Organ of the Association for Conflict Resolution; previously titled Mediation Quarterly.  Broad spectrum of articles on conflict, mediation, and conflict resolution.  Has published articles concerning metaphor in mediation.

Negotiation Journal.  Covers the practice and analysis of dispute resolution from legal, diplomatic, government, family and business perspectives.  Reports ideas and research, analytic descriptions of negotiation practice to essays aimed at building negotiation theory.  Has published articles regarding metaphor in negotiation.

International Negotiation: A Journal of Theory and Practice.  "...examines negotiation from many perspectives, to explore its theoretical foundations and to promote its practical application. The journal addresses the processes of negotiation relating to political, security, environmental, ethnic, economic, business, legal, scientific and cultural issues and conflicts among nations, international and regional organizations, multinational corporations and other non-state parties."

Negotiation and Conflict Management Research Official journal of IACM "...focuses on theory and research on conflict and conflict management across levels, including organizational conflict, interpersonal conflict and inter-group conflict, and across a range of domains including environmental conflict, crisis negotiations, political conflict and cross-cultural conflict, as well as formal and informal third party intervention, including mediation and arbitration... publishes research that advances theory, uses quantitative and/or qualitative methods, and makes links between theory and practice..."

Social Science Research Network.  An online abstract and author search engine with published and working papers.

Journal of Social Issues.  "...behavioral and social science theory, empirical evidence and practice into focus on human problems. Each issue... is devoted to a single topic and has as its goal the communication of scientific findings and interpretations..."

Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology.  "...causes and consequences of war and other forms of destructive conflict, as well as peace-making and reconciliation, prevention, and sustainable development.  ..a mixture of empirical, theoretical, clinical, and historical work, as well as policy analyses..."

Journal of Conflict Resolution " interdisciplinary journal of social scientific theory and research on human conflict. It focuses especially on international conflict, but its pages are open to a variety of contributions about intergroup conflict, as well as between nations, that may help in understanding problems of war and peace. Reports about innovative applications, as well as basic research, are welcomed, especially when the results are of interest to scholars in several disciplines."

Linguistics, Cognitive Science, Management Science and Related Journals That Publish on Metaphor

Metaphor and SymbolA broadly international journal publishing articles on figurative language and the cognitive processes behind it.  Has published numerous articles covering in-depth research on metaphor within various genres of written and spoken discourse.

Metaphor and the Social World.  Interdisciplinary journal that explores the social context of metaphor use.

Discourse and Society.  A multidisciplinary journal publishing research at the boundaries of discourse analysis and the social sciences.

Journal of Applied Behavioral Science.  "journal on the effects of evolutionary and planned change."

Organization: The Critical Journal of Organization, Theory and Society.  "Organization is the major forum for dialogue and innovation in organization studies, addressing significant current and emergent theoretical, meta theoretical and substantive developments in the field."

Administrative Science Quarterly.  "...publishes the best organizational theory papers from a number of disciplines..."

Journal of Management.  "...a major source for management scholars... covers a broad range of topics from a wide range of academic disciplines, methodologies, and theoretical paradigms."

Style.  "...questions of style, stylistics, and poetics, discourse analysis, literary and nonliterary genres, narrative, figuration, metrics, rhetorical analysis, and the pedagogy of style, literary criticism, critical theory, computational linguistics, cognitive linguistics, philosophy of language, and rhetoric and writing studies."

Cognitive Linguistics.  " for linguistic research of all kinds on the interaction between language and cognition. Cognitive linguistics focuses on language as an instrument for organizing, processing and conveying information..."

Discourse Processes.  "...experimental and/or theoretical papers which substantially advance... understanding of the structure and function of discourse.

Journal of Pragmatics.  "Linguistic pragmatics has been able to formulate a number of questions over the years that are essential to our understanding of language as people's main instrument of "natural" and "societal" interaction.  By providing possible theoretical foundations for the study of linguistic practice, linguistic pragmatics has helped to increase our knowledge of the forms, functions, and foundations, of human interaction...  forum for pragmatic studies in sociolinguistics, general linguistics, conversation analysis, discourse analysis, cognitive linguistics, computational linguistics, applied linguistics...  communication science, information science, psychiatry, and neuropsychology."

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.  "...divided into three independently edited sections: including ATTITUDES AND SOCIAL COGNITION... domains of social behavior in which cognition plays a major role... stereotypes, person memory, self-regulation... insofar as these interact with cognition... the influence of cognition... on significant social phenomena such as persuasion, communication, prejudice, social development, and cultural trends."

Journal of Language and Social Psychology.  The social psychology of language is a unique and valued sub discipline in the language and communication sciences... research and theory at the cross-roads of language, mind and society... cross-disciplinary... including linguistics, cognitive science, anthropology, psychology, communication, sociology and education. Reflecting the quantitative, experimental studies and positivistic theory..."

Cognitive Science.  The official journal of the Cognitive Science Society.  "for developments on the study of minds and other intelligent systems...  anthropologists, computer scientists, educators, linguists, neuroscientists, philosophers, or psychologists... fosters cross-fertilization... provide constraints on a theory of mind that no field could provide by itself."

Behavioral and Brain Sciences.  "...with the innovative format known as Open Peer Commentary.  Particularly significant and controversial pieces of work are published from researchers in any area of psychology, neuroscience, behavioural biology or cognitive science, together with 10–25 commentaries on each article from specialists within and across these disciplines, plus the author's response to them."

Pragmatics & Cognition.  "interdisciplinary journal ...philosophy, linguistics, semiotics, cognitive science, neuroscience, artificial intelligence, ethology, and cognitive anthropology ...relations of all sorts between semiotic systems as used by humans, animals and machines, in connection with mental activities: ...proper understanding of mental life and inter-personal relations..."

Mind and Language.  "... genuinely interdisciplinary... original articles, ...forums, survey articles and reviews, enabling researchers to keep up-to-date with developments ... creating the conditions for a fusion of effort, thus making real progress towards a deeper and more far-reaching understanding of the phenomena of mind and language."

Language in Society.  " international journal of sociolinguistics concerned with all branches of speech and language as aspects of social life... includes empirical articles of general theoretical, comparative or methodological interest." [impact factor]

Research on Language and Social Interaction.  "multidisciplinary journal... on the organization and dynamics of language and embodied conduct as vehicles of social interaction. ...based on interview and observational data, collected in the laboratory or the field. ...conversation analysis, discourse analysis, pragmatics, and observational and ethnographic studies.  [3 articles show colocation of 'metaphor' and 'conflict resolution']

Journal of Communications.  "...communication research, practice, policy, and theory... research whose significance crosses disciplinary and sub-field boundaries."

Journal of Applied Communication Research.

Systems Research and Behavioral Science.  "...on new theories, experimental research, and applications relating to all levels of living and non-living systems... systems approaches to: the redesign of organizational and societal structures; the management of administrative and business processes; problems of change management; the implementation of procedures to increase the quality of work and life; the resolution of clashes of norms and values; social cognitive processes; modeling; the introduction of new scientific results, etc... broad interdisciplinary implications not found in a journal devoted to a single discipline."

Applied Cognitive Psychology.  "...dealing with psychological analyses of memory, learning, thinking, problem solving, language, and consciousness as they occur in the real world."

Thinking & Reasoning.  "...dedicated to the understanding of human thought processes, with particular emphasis on studies on reasoning... thinking... include studies of deductive reasoning, inductive reasoning, problem solving, decision making, probability judgement, conceptual thinking and the influence of language and culture on thought...."

Journal of Applied Linguistics "...papers on a broad range of applied linguistic themes, based on an open, peer review procedure... methodological issues within Applied Linguistics... sociology, education, psychology. Language-specific methodological debates around case studies, and the call for a mixing of methodologies within Applied Linguistics."  This online journal, published twice a year, "... is a forum for scientific exchange...  interdisciplinary discussion..  offering a platform where the diversity of research on metaphor and metonymy is encouraged... publication languages are German, English..." etc.

A comprehensive page of links to psychology of language journals, labs, researchers, books, etc.

Journals Probably Not Relevant Here

Journal of Dispute Resolution  "Second- and third- year law students administer the Journal by contributing written works and assisting in the editing and publication process."

English For Specific Purposes  "...second language acquisition in specialized contexts, needs assessment, curriculum..."

Group Decision and Negotiation  "...the whole process or flow of activities relevant to group decision and negotiation..."

Dispute Resolution Journal  "The flagship publication of the American Arbitration Association... for advocates, neutrals, parties, educators, public-policy leaders and corporate executives.  Contributors are the foremost experts in areas such as international trade, business, commercial finance, labor relations, construction, the courts, insurance, employment, real estate, intellectual property, health care, computers and high tech.

Notes on journal citation "impact factor":
    Thompson Scientific computes the"ISI impact factor" by sub-discipline from their "web of knowledge" database (also see this for further explanations)..
    Some journal publishers list the impact factor within each relevant sub-discipline for the  journals they publish.